A huge number of people across the world are becoming the victim of stroke. Stroke is badly life threatening and if immediate attention is not given to the patient, then chances of survival narrows down.
It is not only elders, but even children can become the victim of stroke. Many people experience stroke without any alarming signs. It happens all of a sudden, before you realize the problem. This is one of the major reasons for why the chances of survival in case of stroke are very less.
What is stroke?
Stroke can instantly affect the way you think, feel, move or do any activity. However, each individual will get a different experience with stroke and its signs. Stroke mainly occurs when there is a proof blood flow or oxygen supply to the brain. During this case, the cells in the brain begin to die and will start affecting various parts of the body. The severity of stroke may vary with people. It may even cause temporary numbness and paralysis, however, immediate treatment is required to handle the condition in a safe way, while increasing the chances of survival for the patient.
Causes of Stroke:
Knowing the causes of damage to the brain can help to prevent the condition to some extent, while increasing the chances of survival.
The main cause of stroke is the blood clot in the brain blood vessel or artery. This may affect the way the body functions. This condition requires immediate treatment, which includes clot-busting medicine to dissolving blood clots. There are also other treatments available to reduce the risk factors for stroke in the future. Rehabilitation is believed to be one of the major parts of the treatment.
Remember, the disability of the patient following stroke may depend on the factor of which part of the brain is affected and how quickly the patient receives the treatment. For instance, if stroke damages the part of the brain that controls right leg, then you may experience numbness or weakness in that leg. Stroke can affect the way you think, communicate, learn or understand.
Types of Stroke:
Stroke is categorized into two main types and they include;
- Ischaemic Stroke: About 85% of the patient experiences this type of stroke, which is caused by a blockage. In this type, blood clot is formed in the main artery leading to brain or cerebral thrombosis. This blockage is usually due to blood clot from heart.
- Heamorrhagic stroke: This condition is experienced by about 15% of the patient due to the bleeding in or around brain. This stroke may be caused due to burst of blood vessel within brain, which causes bleeding into the area between brain and skull.
Symptoms of Stroke:
The symptom may vary with people experiencing stroke. It also depends on the size of damaged area in the brain. Some of the common symptoms of stroke are:
- Weakness of arm, leg or both. This condition may lead to total paralysis of one side of the body and even mild clumsiness of one hand
- Twisting / weakness of one side of face
- Problem with balancing, vision, co-ordinate, speech, swallow, communicate
- Loss of consciousness
- Confusion and more
There are also other types of symptoms, which you need to become aware to understand the signs of stroke in the nearing future. To point a few:
- Unexplained weight loss
- Night sweats
- Worst headache
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding
- Heartburn / chest discomfort
- Shortness of breath
- Sharp pain between shoulder blades
Identifying Stroke to react immediately:
It is very important for people around or the family members to identify the symptoms of stroke; the moment patient expresses some signs. To help common people understand the signs of stroke, here is follows some tips:
F- Facial weakness, you can notice the patient’s mouth or eye droop
A- Arm weakness, the patient may find it difficult to raise both the arms
S- Speech disturbance. Difficulty speaking clearly
T- Time to call emergency medical attention
Although the signs of stroke can be diagnosed by the doctor, there are also certain tests required to decide proper treatment and that may include;
- Brain scan – CT Scan / MRI Scan to determine if it is ischaemic or haemorrhagic stroke
- Blood test – To test blood sugar level, cholesterol level
- Chest X-Ray, Heart Tracing – Electrocardiogram or ECG to check lung and heart condition
- Ultrasound Scan or arteries in neck to check if any large patches of atheroma in arteries present
How to Recognize Stroke One Month Before?
- Start paying attention to any unusual happening to your body
- Continuous hiccups
- Change in personality
- Sickness over the time
- Epileptic attacks
How to Prevent Stroke?
After knowing what is stroke, causes and its symptoms, now it is time to know how to prevent before it comes. Remember, our lifestyle plays the major role in causing stroke. By bringing some changes in our lifestyle, diet and other activities, we can certainly prevent the chances of stroke and lead a long healthy life. Here follows some simple and effective ways how to prevent stroke:
Walk at least 20 minutes a day:
Many people say, they walk a lot of time in their homes or offices doing their work and besides that why to walk additionally? But just think of the fact, are you walking uninterrupted 20 minutes and early in the morning or evening, when you can get enough oxygen to your body? So consider walking daily for 20 minutes to gain enough oxygen and dissolve unwanted fat and cholesterol in your body.
What is sad and depressed?
How many of us really have understood the meaning of being sad and depressed. Being sad is different from depressed. A depressed person may start gaining weight, exercise less, feel sick doing regular activities, get uncontrolled medical issues like diabetes, high blood pressure, which may over the time lead to the risk of stroke. Therefore, try to recognize the symptoms of depression and take proper treatment.
Try to have at least 7 hours of enough and sound sleep every day. If this gets disturbed, then you may obviously develop metabolic syndromes that may increase the chances of stroke.
Use Olive oil:
Olive oil is recognized as one of the best ingredients to keep you healthy and reduce the chances of stroke. It can lower the risk of heart attacks too. Try to include olive oil in your regular diet.
This is an other major problem, which should be seriously taken into your consideration. It is women who suffer more than men because of migraine, which is a result of hormonal fluctuations. By monitoring and managing migraine, your chance of getting stroke is minimized.
You should pay attention to palpitation, especially when there is also shortness of breath experienced along with, as this may boost the risk of stroke.
More Tips to Prevent Stroke:
Here follow more tips to help you prevent stroke and lead and healthy long life:
- Although you can enjoy small drink, it is recommendable to completely quit smoking
- Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables, which are nutritious
- Drink at least 2 cups of green tea
- Drink at least 1 cup of coffee a day, which can reduce the chances of stroke
- Avoid taking pain killers without the prescription of your doctor
- Take nuts and extra-virgin olive oil in your diet
- Try to eat oily fish at least once or twice in a week
- Walk, walk fast every day, as exercise matters in improving your health. Walking fast can reduce the risk of heart attack and thus stroke
- Quit artificial sugary drinks, as they increase the chances of stroke. Remember, such drinks can increase the chances of blood clot on brain
- Add tomatoes in your daily diet, as lycopene and carotenoid present in tomatoes can reduce the risk of stroke
- Sleep sufficient. At least 7 hours sleep is required for healthy living and prevent stroke
- Switch to low fat milk, cheese and yoghurt
- Avoid red meat
- Monitor blood pressure and keep it at a normal level
- Don’t be emotional. Be optimistic. Your emotions can increase the chances of killing you fast with heart disease and stroke
No matter you are happy or sad, learn to smile and laugh to drive away your sorrow and live happily without any tension in your mind. This is very important to keep heart diseases at bay and completely prevent the chances of stroke attacking you. If you have pets at home or even in a public place, then they can vanish your worries and keep you happy and relaxed, at least the moment you are with them and thus refresh your mind and soul.
Besides, if you are a diabetic patient, then keep your diabetes level in control. This is very important to reduce the chances of life-threatening health issues like heart attack, stroke and others.
Never forget your ultimate goal of leading a healthy and long life with your happy family. Life is precious, therefore, never lose it and keep an eye on your blood pressure, diabetes and other warning signs.